China unveils policy measures to boost private sector and economic recovery

City in China at night

In a bid to revitalize its private sector and strengthen the country’s economic recovery, China has pledged a series of policy measures aimed at stimulating private investment and enhancing investor confidence. The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) released a comprehensive document outlining the steps to be taken to bolster the private sector’s vitality and ensure its crucial role in the nation’s economic growth.

The key elements of the policy package include the identification of key subsectors where private sector participation will be actively encouraged. Additionally, the optimization of financing support for private investment projects and the promotion of infrastructure real estate investment trusts (REITs) for private investment projects are also part of the plan.

This latest move comes after China recently unveiled a guideline to promote the development of the private sector, highlighting the country’s commitment to provide robust support for private enterprises amid challenging economic conditions.

In a statement, the NDRC emphasized the importance of private investment and its significant role in contributing to fixed-asset investments. The commission expressed its determination to maintain a reasonable proportion of private investment in the overall fixed-asset investments and stressed the need to enhance the investment environment to attract greater private capital.

To achieve these objectives, the NDRC will focus on selecting a group of key subsectors that offer substantial market potential, promising development prospects, alignment with major national strategies and industry policies, and the potential to contribute to high-quality development. Among the sectors targeted for private sector encouragement are transportation, water conservancy, clean energy, new infrastructure, advanced manufacturing, and modern protected agriculture.

With the private sector facing challenges in recent times, the Chinese government has been actively stepping up efforts to provide support and address concerns raised by private companies. The NDRC has held three meetings since July with representatives from various sectors, including equipment manufacturing and new energy, to ensure that private enterprises receive the necessary support for their sustainable development.

According to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, fixed-asset investment by the private sector experienced a marginal 0.2 percent year-on-year decline in the first half of 2023, slightly better than the 0.1 percent drop recorded in the first five months of the same year.

China’s latest commitment to boost the private sector and promote private investment projects is expected to inject fresh momentum into the economy, helping to overcome downward pressures and fostering an environment conducive to sustained economic growth.

As the policy measures take effect, the Chinese government remains optimistic about the private sector’s resurgence and its role in contributing to the nation’s economic prosperity in the years ahead.

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